BSP fittings have been internationally adopted as standard thread when concerning the joining of two pipes, the concept being a British idea, hence the name BSP fittings ( British standard Pipe fittings.) This concept traveled form Great Britain over to Europe where it gradually became the norm, this fitting now being seen as standard far and wide. BSP fittings work on the very basic concept of the interlocking of the female and male ends of the pipe in an adjoining process. This ensures a metal on metal contact, that depending on the particular type of BSP fitting, in cases where flared ends are used, and the two pipes are then secured by a flare nut, can withstand up to vast pressures within the pipes.
This system using the flare nut is the concept of the JIC fittings. JIC are world leaders in the hydraulics industry, and these fittings are used in situations where a spillage or leakage would prove disastrous not only to people, but to the environment, a very common usage for JIC fittings being in the transportation of oil and petroleum, where even the smallest leak can have a negative effect on the environment, let alone the manpower required in a cleanup campaign. BSP fittings are a simple concept, and when used with flare bolts to withstand both vibration of machinery as well as the delivery of liquids at extremely high pressure, they prove to be an economical, practical, and leak proof solution to transportation of liquids.
BSP fittings are made of a variety of metals including steel, forged steel, forged stainless steel, copper, and alloys such as nickel- copper alloy. The simplest way to explain the concept of BSP fittings is in the everyday household item of the television aerial cable that plugs into the back of your television set. The male to female metal to metal contact here ensures that good reception will be received, as once in place, the cable does not move, yet it can be taken out and re inserted as often as is necessary, causing no damage to the two parts are there are no intricate pieces or sealing.
BSP fittings can be categorized into parallel thread and taper thread. Parallel BSP fittings will measure the exact same amount at both ends when measured with a gauge, where as in the tapered version, which is less common throughout Europe, there will be an increase or decrease from one end to the other. The gauges used to measure pipe fitting such as BSP fittings give accurate readings both in metric and non metric (fractional) fittings.
Although the vast majority of JIC fittings use the American standard thread when we are talking about the hydraulics industry, conversion from BSP fittings with metric thread to American thread is of little problem as JIC also manufacture converters, covering the entire range of sizes.
JIC fittings are renowned for the variety of fittings available both in fractional, as well as BSP metric fittings. Available are elbows, tees, and crosses to name a few, allowing the connection of two pipes under any circumstances and the easy conversion for example from a hose with BSP fittings to machinery with American thread fittings. This initially British concept will continue to be ever popular, due to its simplicity and economical pricing, as well as so many years of excellent usage, protecting the environment and ourselves from disasters.